Last edited by Tahn
Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

4 edition of Antimicrobial therapy in the elderly patient found in the catalog.

Antimicrobial therapy in the elderly patient

  • 220 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by M. Dekker in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Geriatric pharmacology.,
  • Anti-infective agents.,
  • Anti-Infective Agents -- therapeutic use.,
  • Communicable Diseases -- drug therapy.,
  • Communicable Diseases -- in old age.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementedited by Thomas T. Yoshikawa, Dean C. Norman.
    SeriesInfectious disease and therapy ;, 9, Infectious disease and therapy ;, v. 9.
    ContributionsYoshikawa, Thomas T., Norman, Dean C.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC953.7 .A56 1994
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxviii, 558 p. :
    Number of Pages558
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1432487M
    ISBN 100824791630
    LC Control Number93044026

    The standard therapy for pneumonia is chemotherapy with antimicrobial agents even for elderly patients. Since the pharmacokinetics change with aging, sufficient caution should be exercised when antimicrobial therapy is administered to elderly patients.   American Academy of Pediatrics. Antimicrobial agents and related therapy. In: Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 31st ed, Kimberlin DW, Brady MT, Jackson MA, Long SS (Eds), American Academy of Pediatrics, Itasca, IL p

      Background. Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide problem threatening our ability to treat infections [].Infections caused by multi-resistant bacteria are increasing among the elderly living in nursing homes (NH) [2–4].The elderly are the age group with the highest prevalence of antibiotic use in Norway [].Anatomical and physiologic changes caused by aging [6, 7], usage of urinary catheters.   1. Goals of antimicrobial therapy. The general goal of antimicrobial therapy is to increase patient's survival and cure infectious diseases. Because antimicrobial agents are unable to alter the progression of underlying diseases or rather sometimes can prolong suffering in patients at the end-of-life, the goal of prolonging life should be weighed against the risk of prolonging suffering [].

    Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) is being an excellent alternative for treatment, but advanced age is one of the relative contraindications. The aim of this study is to compare the characteristics and prognosis of patients less or more than 80 years, treated with OPAT.   Elderly persons consume a significant proportion of health care resources. Antimicrobials are just one class among many pharmaceuticals that are prescribed more frequently to elderly patients than to younger patients. There are unique aspects of antimicrobial use in elderly persons that make prescribing complicated and monitoring unpredictable.


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Antimicrobial therapy in the elderly patient Download PDF EPUB FB2

Antimicrobial Therapy in the Elderly Patient (Infectious Disease and Therapy) [Yoshikawa, Thomas T., Norman, Dean C.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Antimicrobial Therapy in the Elderly Patient (Infectious Disease and Therapy)Cited by: 6.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xviii, pages: illustrations ; 27 cm. Contents: 1. Unique Aspects of Infection in Older Adults / Thomas T. Yoshikawa Age-Related Changes in Host Defenses / Steven C. Castle Clinical Approach to Diagnosis of Infections in Older Patients / Dean C.

Norman Pharmacology of Antimicrobial Agents with Aging. Genre/Form: Electronic books: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Antimicrobial therapy in the elderly patient. New York: M.

Dekker, © An A., et al. () Beta-lactamase inhibitors, in Antimicrobial Therapy in the Elderly Patient (Yoshikawa, T.T. and Norman, D.C., eds.), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp. –Author: Bryan Doo, Thomas T. Yoshikawa. This article focuses on the special characteristics of infection in the elderly and provides an update of the principles of antibiotic selection, use of specific antibiotics, and empiric use of antimicrobials in the treatment of infectious diseases in this particularly vulnerable by:   Patients may present with weakness, malaise, confusion, loss of appetite, falls, or urinary incontinence as the initial manifestation of infection.

65 Fever, a hallmark of infection, can be blunted or absent in infected older patients.8, 44 Although body temperature elevation (hyperthermia or fever) in elderly persons is an indicator for the Cited by: Shriner, K.A. and Mathisen, G.E. () Metronidazole, in Antimicrobial Therapy in the Elderly Patient (Yoshikawa, T.T.

and Norman, D.C., eds.), Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention () Prevention and control of influenza. Although the general management of infections in severely ill elderly patients are not different than younger ones, a meticulous care in fluid management and careful individualized optimisation in antibiotic therapy along with the other principals of antimicrobial stewardship are warranted in order to prevent increased mortality caused by.

• 1. Prevention: Personal hygiene of providers and patients, staying UTD on vaccinations • Tdap, Influenza, Pneumoccocal, Varicella/Zoster, Meningicoccal, Hepatitis A/B (if appropriate) • 2.

Education: Teaching your patients the importance of only using antibiotics for bacterial infections and even the dangerous side effects (i.e. Diff. Elderly patients are less likely to present with peripheral stigmata of endocarditis, such as splenomegaly and Osler's nodes.

While the spectrum of offending pathogens remains similar, the need for transoesophageal echocardiogram to confirm the diagnosis of endocarditis may be increased in elderly patients. Decisions regarding the appropriate. The objective of this review is to discuss special considerations for antibiotic therapy in elderly patients, in general and for specific antibiotics.

Methods. This review with recommendations for practice has been produced by a team of experts belonging to the ESCMID Study Group for Infections in the Elderly. Antimicrobial Therapy for the Elderly Patient. Thomas T.

Yoshikawa MD. Corresponding Author. Office of Geriatrics and Extended Care, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, D.C. Office of Geriatrics and Extended Care (), Department of Veterans Affairs, Vermont Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC Search for more papers by this author.

Empirical antimicrobial therapy of mechanically ventilated patients with nosocomial pneumonia. Brown EM.

J Antimicrob Chemother, 40(4), 01 Oct Cited by: 5 articles | PMID: Review. Antibiotic stewardship. Antimicrobial stewardship aims to enable the optimal selection, dosage and duration of antimicrobial treatment, producing the best clinical outcome, in terms of treatment or prevention of infection, and minimal toxicity for the patient, whilst minimizing the impact on antimicrobial resistance.

2 Declining rates of infection with Clostridium difficile in the UK over the. Antimicrobial Therapy for the Elderly and Patients with Renal Dysfunction.

Article in Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi (12) December with 4 Reads How we measure 'reads'. The Fifth Edition of Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine, the most comprehensive reference available on veterinary antimicrobial drug use, has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the rapid advancements in the field of antimicrobial assing all aspects of antimicrobial drug use in animals, the book provides detailed coverage of virtually all.

Antimicrobial use differs from other medications by its potential for collateral damage, specifically the generation of antimicrobial resistance, in both the patient and the wider population. This must be considered in addition to the challenges involved in finding an agent with the appropriate spectrum of antimicrobial activity that also achieves a sufficient concentration at the site of.

Guidelines exist that list minimum criteria for initiation of antimicrobial therapy, particularly in long-term care facilities. Recognition of certain age-related physiologic, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic changes can help optimize antimicrobial dosage regimens and minimize adverse effects.

Antimicrobial therapy: principles of use Alasdair MacGowan Emily Macnaughton Abstract Antimicrobialuse differs from other medications by its potential for collat-eral damage, specifically the generation of antimicrobial resistance, both in the patient and the wider population.

This must be considered in addi. Antimicrobial prescription in elderly patients must not only account for the risk of toxicity due to drug overexposure, but also of treatment failure or promotion of antimicrobial resistance due. Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) refers to outpatient or community-based management of an infection via the administration of an intravenous (IV) antimicrobial without an overnight hospital stay.

Patients may be managed without admission or may transition to. Treating elderly patients with infections represents one of the greatest challenges to health-care providers. Older adults are the largest growing sector of the population and suffer excessively from infectious diseases such as pneumonia, urinary tract.

A successful antimicrobial stewardship program curbs the development of resistant pathogens by encouraging responsible antibiotic use as well as a routine review of guidelines with prescribers.

This leads to promoting proper antimicrobial therapy for all patients.